One of the most revolutionary technologies designed to track aquatic species is acoustic telemetry. This method of tracking allows scientists to monitor the movement of organisms beneath the water surface.
Birds pose significant challenges to track globally due to their small size and weight. Various techniques are used, including Passive Integrated Transponders (PIT Tags), light-level geolocators, stable isotope analyses, and satellite transponders.
Global Positioning System (GPS) technologies have revolutionized terrestrial movement studies. Most land-based organisms studied by the Smithsonian, from reticulated giraffe to scimitar-horned oryx, are tracked using GPS technology.